Here is what we used to find information on our various plant species:
“Dandelion Herb .” Gardens Ablaze . N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013. http://www.gardensablaze.com/HerbDandelionMed.htm.
“Douglas Fir .” Wikipedia . N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_fir>.
“Euphorbia cyparissias .” Wkipedia . N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euphorbia_cyparissias>.
“Ferns.” BC Living . N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013. <http://www.bcliving.ca/garden/ferns>.
“Hosta .” Wikipedia . N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013.
“Hyacinthoides non-scripta .” KEW . N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013. <http://www.kew.org/plants-fungi/Hyacinthoides-non-scripta.htm>.
“Magical Uses of Rhododendron .” Connecting Nepal . Ed. Rajesh Koirala.
N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013.
“Mosses.” Commanster. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013.
“Orthodontium lineare.” BBS Field Guide . N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013. <http://www.bbsfieldguide.org.uk/sites/default/files/pdfs/mosses/Orthodontium_lineare.pdf>.
“Rhododendron Herb .” Live Strong . N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013. <. http://www.livestrong.com/article/120355-benefits-rhododendron-herb/>.
“Taraxacum officinale .” Wikipedia . N.p., n.d. Web. 2 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taraxacum_officinale>.
Both species of Bryophytes mentioned on our blog have many similar characteristics that signify that they are mosses in the division of Bryophyta. For example, mosses do not have leaves. Instead, they have leaflets that are one cell thick. Rather than having roots, mosses have rhizoids. In addition, they do not have vascular tissue; therefore, they must live in moist environments. Also, both mosses use diffusion. Structurally, our two species of moss had the follwing: a capsule, seta, leaflets, calyptra, peristome teeth, and rhizoids. Unlike gymnosperms, ferns, and angiosperms, mosses have a gametophyte dominant life cycle. All of these qualities and characteristics are what make mosses so unique, and as you can tell, the mosses we discussed have all these characteristics in commmon.
All of the Angiosperms discussed on our blog are flowering plants and they all have ovules enclosed in an ovary. Each one has a stem that holds their structure upright and allows for efficient transportation of minerals and water. All the flowers (except for Hosta) possess petals, filaments, anthers, pistils, styles, and stigmas. A key thing to note is that Angiosperms are divided into two groups: Monocots and Dicots. The following plants are monocots: Hosta, Bluebells, and Tulips. This means that they all have one cotyledon, fibrous roots, scattered vascular bundles, parallel-veined leaves, and petals in multiples of three. The rest of the plants are dicots: Euphorbia, Rhododendron, and Daffodil. This means that they all have two cotyledons, taproots, ringed vascular bundles, net-veins, and petals in multiples of four or five. All of these characteristics provide us with information on the similarities and differences of Angiosperms.
Both ferns that we have selected are similar in structure. They contain leaflets that are attached to the axis—this is called the blade. These two ferns are both have a strong green color with skinny leaves that form a pointed tip. These characteristics unify the two species and signify that they are ferns.
Our three examples of gymnosperms were all conifers, meaning cone-bearing. The Douglas Fir and Blue Spruce had needles, whereas, the Red Cedar had thread-like leaves. All three were green but did vary in shade. All species lack flowers but contain seeds; therefore, they are all gymnosperms.
Often called Cape-thread moss this species of moss is called Orthodontium lineare.
This specific species of moss is not only found against trees or forest floors, but can also be found in more polluted areas. This moss has a wide world range and is found on many other continents (Europe, South America, and parts of Africa) besides North America.
The moss above is referred to as Hylocomium splendens. It’s common name is a lot more fun though– Glittering wood moss… thats a pretty cool name.
It may look like an average moss, however, this species has multiple uses and should not be overlooked. It is great to use when lining storage boxes for fruit and vegetables. Get this, sometimes its even used for filling the gabs between logs when building a cabin! Just wait, I’m not done, this moss even contains anti-bacterial qualities. I guess good things really do come in small packages.
This is probably one of our most common species of ferns. Commonly known as the sword fern, this wonderful plant is called Polystichum munitum.
This fern was frequently used for culinary purposes by the British Columbian aboriginals. The fern would be dug out during the springtime and the rhizomes would be seperated and steamed under the fire to make a delicious meal. However, they didnt simply use it only for culinary purposes. They also used the fronds of the fern to line boxes and baskets that they had woven.
This fern is commonly known as the licorice fern and can be seen throughout BC. However it’s scientific name is Polypodium glycyrrhiza.
You may be wondering…”what does a fern have to do with licorce?” Well, in fact, this particular fern contains a licorice taste within its rhizomes. The coastal aboriginals that belonged to the people of Saanich used to use the strong taste as a sweetener.
The tree above is known to many as the Red Cedar. However, its scientific name is Thuja plicata.
The red cedar is British Columbia’s official tree. They have scaly leaves that grow in opposition in rows of four. Perhaps the best thing about them is their strong smell; they are known for a strong spicy aroma. It also has properties that help medicinally when it comes to your respiratory system and even warts.